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(Updated: March 2020)
There is still a lot to learn about the popular compound CBD, despite not being able to go anywhere without seeing those 3 letters emblazoned across shop windows, on newspapers/magazines, in many edibles, drinks and even in your local coffee shop, there is still a considerable amount of mystery and ignorance surrounding it.
What is CBD?.?.. Where does it come from?... Is it legal?... Why do people like it so much?...
These are very common and important questions. So firstly let's start with the most obvious...
WHAT IS CBD?
Most are already aware that CBD is something to do with the cannabis plant, and this is where most confusion and reluctance to even learn about it comes from. CBD is derived from whole cannabis plants (hemp), but it is not the same as the compound THC which causes the 'high' that is so often discussed.
CBD is an abbreviation of 'cannabidiol' - a naturally occurring compound found with the cannabis (hemp) plant. It has a wide range of uses including food supplements to topical skincare products. In fact, it has been found to produce over 25,000 different products and materials, which include; fabric, building materials such as hempcrete, and plastic!
Cannabidiol belongs to a group of chemical compounds called 'cannabinoids', these are naturally produced and found in cannabis plants, CBD is thought to be the second most common, with THC being the first.
Whilst the benefits of CBD is huge, unfortunately, its association with the cannabis plant means that there is a lot of further research to be done and it is yet to be fully explored. The good news is that with every passing year, the attitude towards CBD seems to be easing, as more information is given, the level of interest in it grows.
CBD is an abbreviation for Cannabidiol (can·na·bid·i·ol)
WHERE DOES CBD COME FROM?
- What is the difference between THC and CBD?
Cannabidiol or CBD for short is extracted and separated from specific strains of cannabis plants (hemp species). Discovered in 1940, it is one of over 100 naturally occurring chemical compounds known as cannabinoids, which are all found in cannabis plants. CBD is the second most common cannabinoid after the most common compound, Tetrahydrocannabinol which is more commonly known as THC.
CBD (cannabidiol) accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract.
It is important to understand that CBD is not the same as THC - CBD is fully legal in most parts of the world, whereas THC is mostly illegal. A person consuming CBD (cannabidiol) will not feel any mind-altering effects or 'high' in the same way as smoking cannabis. Anyone interested in buying CBD products should keep this in mind and remember the distinction when it comes to considering any CBD product.
Cannabidiol (CBD) can be taken into the body in multiple ways, those of which include; inhalation of smoke or vapour, as a spray into the cheek and by mouth, swallowed in drops or capsules, through edibles, dried cannabis, or as a liquid solution which is used externally by applying topically to the skin.
Some of the most popular CBD products on the market right now are:
CBD Oils, Protein Powders, Capsules, CBD Vaping E-liquid, Skincare products, CBD Beauty & Cosmetics, Edibles, Tinctures, CBD Patches, Body washes, Hair products, CBD Rubs
CBD OIL IS EXTRACTED FROM CANNABIS SATIVA L (HEMP) PLANTS
Cannabis Sativa L is a yearly occurring herbaceous flowering plant that is indigenous to East Asia, although it is now widespread due to cultivation.
It has been cultivated throughout history as far back as records go, and has been used as a source of industrial fibre, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual aids. Depending on its use, each part of the plant is harvested completely differently and ALL parts of the plant can be used for production.
The Hemp species was said to be first found and classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.
Unlike marijuana, hemp is naturally rich in CBD and low in THC.
Hemp is legal within the UK, meaning it is the most prominent and logical choice for CBD Oil extraction. As well as the benefits of Hemp being well known, it also has a wide array of industrial purposes as well as environmental benefits.
Carbon dioxide-based extraction is considered to be more environmentally friendly, considerably safer, cleaner, cheaper and less toxic than using fossil fuel-based extraction - and results in a consistent product that is more palatable.
CBD Oil can be extracted in many ways as long as you have the equipment to match. However, not all methods are created equal. Until recently, butane, propane, and alcohol were the critical solvents used for extraction; today, they cannot outpace the efficacy and quality of CO₂ extraction. CO₂ extraction offers a level of control and precision the previously listed methods could never achieve.
Hemp is produced for its total mass in weight, while Marijuana is mainly produced for its female flowers - or bud.
Hemp plants are harvested and processed to harness fibres, seeds, and oils. Thousands of industries depend on industrial hemp, ranging from textile, food, cosmetics, building materials, fuel and much more.
At NOPC Oils (Natural Organic Pure Clean CBD Oils) - we feel that It’s kind of like trying to extract fresh wonderful lemon juice from a lemon seed/pip.
Obviously, you won’t get all of the wonderful juice that has been neutered by the natural elements, such as; rain, sunlight and the nutrients contained within the soil from which it has grown.
These vital elements are needed In order for the Lemon tree to grow, enabling it to produce good quality juicy lemons, in order to extract and squeeze the juice from a lemon - similar rules apply to a Hemp plant and it’s flowers - you require CBD Oils extracted from the whole plant and not just the Seed!
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEMP & MARIJUANA?
You don’t need to be a botanist to quickly understand the basic differences between Hemp and Marijuana. Basically, if you are able to smoke it and it gets you high, then technically it is called Marijuana. Otherwise, we call it Hemp, or industrial Hemp. They both come from the genus Cannabis and species Sativa, therefore scientifically the same thing.
Legally though, they are quite different.
Its a bit like comparing brothers and sisters, both come from the same family, but each has slightly different characteristics. One might be taller, have blonde hair and blue eyes… whilst their sibling is shorter and presents a dark brown hair colour. Yet despite these differences, the siblings share an almost exact same genetic make-up to each other. Your 'Genotype' is almost identical. What differs between you is the environmental expression of these genes, the 'phenotypes'.
In the case of Cannabis, it all boils down to the amount of THC produced by that specific strain. Marijuana is a plant that presents a phenotype for high THC production while Hemp is a plant that produces extremely low THC content.
- Marijuana can contain up to 30% THC, while hemp contains less than 0.2% (per dry weight) THC. Hemp also contains more CBD, a non-intoxicating compound than found in marijuana.
- Hemp leaves are thinner and less densely clustered than leaves on a marijuana plant.
- Sativa plants are tall, loosely branched and have long, narrow leaves. They are usually grown outdoors and can reach heights of up to 20 feet.
- Indica plants are short, densely branched and have somewhat wider leaves.They are better suited for growing indoors.
The Cannabis Plant also contains over 400 Phytonutrients!
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical within the Cannabis Plant, and contains over 400 Phytonutrients, by using CO2 Extraction methods allows us to extract all of these natural nutrients without using any heat or harmful solvents. This means that not only are you getting a high concentration of CBD Oil, but you are also getting 400+ other nutrients in a natural, organic product.
By using state of the art processes, supercritical CO2 extraction and purification to maintain and preserve the broad plant components, whilst removing any undesirable and illegal compounds, such as THC. Following rigorous quality control procedures and farmed without the use of pesticides or chemicals, creating the best sustainable farming practices in order to produce a plant-based extract, rich in phytocannabinoids, terpenes, sterols, flavonoids, and fatty acids from the whole plant.
LOOKING TO BUY CBD Oil?
- Shop with CAUTION!
When shopping for CBD oil and you see the term 'hemp oil' always check this is accompanied by a clear definition of what is in the product, ie. either Hemp ‘Seed’ Oil or ‘CBD’ oil.
Sadly today we see the term ‘hemp oil’ is being used to get around legal marketing regulations. There are online marketplaces that strictly prohibit the sale of CBD products, yet they display an array of ‘hemp oil’ products if you input a search for CBD! Not only that, but most of these sellers are also trying to fool shoppers by selling hemp oil and using CBD marketing terms to do so.
If you are buying CBD oil, make sure ‘CBD’ is clearly printed on the label along with the actual CBD content of the product. For extra guarantee check the seller's lab reports which will confirm the potency and content for their CBD oil.
If you have any further questions relating to this or any of the products we sell, please feel free to contact us via the buttons at the bottom of this post.
Also, please share this important information with your friends and family to ensure they too know the differences between the various hemp oils.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEMP SEED OIL & CBD OIL?
Hemp Seed Oil and CBD Oil come from different parts of the same plant and are processed differently. Hemp Seed Oil is cold-pressed from the seeds of the hemp plant similar to canola, sunflower, or olive oil. Standard hemp seed oil is something you can buy cheap and is very different from our full spectrum hemp plant extracts (not from seed).
Whilst hemp extract, which contains CBD, is a full-plant extraction containing a lot of goodness not typically found in the seeds. It is extracted from the flowering buds, resin, and leaves of the hemp plant, via C02 extraction. When we talk about full-spectrum CBD Oil, this is referring to the whole plant (as mentioned) being used to produce the oil.
Hemp seed oil is considered to be nutritional BUT it doesn’t have the naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids, and other goodness of CBD!
High-quality CBD is extracted from the flowers of 'female-only' plants, which have been protected from male plants to avoid pollination. This unpollinated state means the plant puts its energy into producing big, juicy, resinous flowers and effectively, produces high levels of the CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes.